Research program


The research programme »Contemporary inorganic materials and nanotechnologies« aims to develop state-of-the-art functional materials by precise control of their synthesis at the atomic and microstructural level. Thus various synthesis methods are applied, which allow as a gradual transition from 3D to 0D structures with intermediate 2D and 1D ones. Control of the synthesis represent the central research activity of the research programme and have a key role in the preparation process of the ceramics, thin films, and particles with desired crystal structure, chemical composition, and microstructure. Such ability of control, which is grounded on understanding of the process parameters, the reaction mechanisms, and the technology, enable us to engineer materials intrinsic properties and their extrinsic contributions. Furthermore, by advanced structuring of materials at the atomic and microstructural level we intend to overcome well established concepts of the materials synthesis and achieve new and/or considerably improved functional properties. Based on requested dimensionality materials are synthesized using the solid-state reaction, as well as other contemporary liquid- and vapor-based synthesis methods, like hydrothermal synthesis, sol-gel synthesis, pulsed laser deposition, and others. Advanced analytical methods, including the state-of-the-art electron microscopy, high-resolution X-ray diffraction, corresponding thermal analysis, and various spectroscopic techniques are used to follow the course of reactions, crystallization dynamics, and stage of structuring. Internationally as-described methodology represents a new and complex milestone in the field of materials processing and has an essential role for the human- and environmental-friendly development of the future products and technologies.
In the scope of the research programme as-developed understanding of synthesis procedures are applied to develop new materials for the energy conversion, electronics, and medicine, based on the corresponding theoretical prepositions. Increased functionality, ecological adequacy, and decreased dimensionality of the products represent the main focus of our research and subsequently enable number of advanced applications to be developed. The programme thus combines the research on advanced synthesis methods with the research on new structured materials for the most relevant fields of their applications. In all the segments it aims at miniaturization and structuring from 3D towards 0D, new functional properties and green technologies for development of human friendly products.